Other natural materials

Natural Paper and Textile Covering

For the NOON luminaire series, natural paper is used inside the shades. The outer covering consists of 75 % viscose and 25 % polyamide. Viscose is also known as regenerated cellulose. It is produced by converting crystalline cellulose. As a purely natural substance, cellulose is the main component of wood and is usually obtained from beech, spruce, eucalyptus, pine, bamboo or annual cotton plants (LOHMANN, 2010).

The material combination of the umbrellas has a very warm, homely character and consists of 90 % natural materials. They comply with all the requirements of the European REACH regulation regarding the use of chemical ingredients and are classified as harmless to health.


Linoleum was developed in 1860 by the English chemist Frederick Walton and is considered an almost absolutely pure natural product. The name of the material is derived from the Latin terms linum ‘lin’ and oleum ‘oil’. Besides linseed oil, cork flour and jute fabric as main components, tree resin, wood flour, limestone powder and mostly natural pigments are used. Linoleum consists almost exclusively of natural and renewable raw materials.

It is used as a floor or wall covering, as a printing plate in the fine arts or as a furniture surface. It is very resistant, can be repaired and can even be used in the medical sector without hesitation. In addition, linoleum is antistatic by nature, making it allergy-friendly and ideally suited as a table surface.

Forbo Flooring GmbH, the manufacturer of the linoleum used at ZEITRAUM, accepts the responsible use of resources in all dimensions as a basic value of the company. Forbo is committed to environmental protection and continuously invests in a sustainable future. The company sets the highest standards with regard to ecological aspects and attaches great importance to health, safety and quality in every respect.



The production of ceramics is one of the oldest cultural techniques of mankind. The oldest clay vessels come from the eastern Amur region in Siberia and according to scientific research are more than 17000 years old

Ceramic is an extraordinary natural product that can be used in many ways and recycled easily. During recycling, the old ceramics are ground up and mixed with the primary raw materials. This process allows theoretically unlimited recycling (MARTENS / GOLDMANN, 2016).

The raw material from Italian quality clay is poured into a plaster mould and then dried twice in the kiln. Between firings, it is refined with white glaze. It is resistant to high temperatures, easy to clean and has a closed surface. ZEITRAUM uses ceramics for the shells of the side furniture series APU.